Carpenter, Jordan, Daniel Preoţiuc-Pietro, Lucie Flekova, Salvatore Giorgi, Courtney Hagan, Margaret Kern, Anneke Buffone, Lyle Ungar, and Martin Seligman. "Real Men don’t say 'cute': Using Automatic Language Analysis to Isolate Inaccurate Aspects of Stereotypes." Social Psychological and Personality Science (2016). AbstractDraftSupplemental MaterialsWebsite

People associate certain behaviors with certain social groups. These stereotypical beliefs consist of both accurate and inaccurate associations. Using large-scale, data driven methods with social media as a context, we isolate stereotypes by using verbal expression. Across four social categories - gender, age, education level, and political orientation - we identify words and phrases that lead people to incorrectly guess the social category of the writer. Although raters often correctly categorize authors, they overestimate the importance of some stereotype-congruent signal. Findings suggest that data-driven approaches might be a valuable and ecologically valid tool for identifying even subtle aspects of stereotypes and highlighting the facets that are exaggerated or misapplied.