SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA—Using Lidar technology, ultra-high-resolution photography, and thermal imaging techniques, Mike Hess and Mike Yeager of the University of California, San Diego, created a 3-D digital model of the interior, exterior, and façade of the Baptistery of St. John, which sits in Florence’s Piazza del Duomo. “The point cloud data—taken from 80 Lidar scans—becomes the geometric scaffold for the high-resolution thermal imagery. The data can be projected into 3-D space so we know exactly what we’re looking at spatially. The drawings are spatially accurate and we can now pull a measurement for any part of the building we want to look at, down to the millimeter,” Yeager said in a University of California, San Diego press release. The construction of the Baptistery was completed in 1128 on the site of a Roman temple dating to the fourth or fifth century A.D. Yeager and Hess were joined by cultural heritage engineer Maurizio Seracini, Gianfranco Morelli of Geostudi Astier, and Vid Petrovic of IGERT-TEECH to examine an unexcavated area of the ancient site beneath the Baptistery with ground-penetrating radar. The team found what could be a staircase, two vaulted rooms, and a series of walls and hallways. “Now we’re able to use this technology to reference that data in space and ‘fly’ from the domed ceiling of the Baptistery down into the dirt to the ancient rooms beyond,” Yeager said. For more on how archaeologists use Lidar, read "Lasers in the Jungle."
PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA—Geologists led by Aubrey L. Hillman of the University of Pittsburgh used sediment cores from Erhai Lake to examine levels of heavy metal pollution in southwestern China over the past 4,500 years. According to a report in Science, they found a rise in copper contaminants at the start of China’s Bronze Age, but those levels remained stable until the Mongols conquered China in the late thirteenth century A.D. The sediment cores show that heavy metal pollution during the reign of Kublai Khan and the Mongols, who mined and processed silver for coins, jewelry, art, and taxes, was three to four times higher than modern industrialized mining. To read about a similar study, see "Colonial-Era Air Quality Recorded in Andean Ice."
KRAKOW, POLAND—An Bronze-Age burial mound found in a forest in southeastern Poland through the use of Lidar technology has yielded five burials and a World War I firing post. “Importantly, the mound is the first known structure of this type in the Lublin Upland, as well as throughout [southern Poland], probably dating back to the turn of the third and second millennium B.C.,” Piotr Wlodarczak of the Polish Academy of Sciences told Science & Scholarship in Poland. Four graves of the Strzyżów culture were excavated. “The burial rite is slightly different than in the earlier period, the late Neolithic. The mound we examined had not been raised a single grave of a chosen person, but a few graves,” he added. The largest grave had been placed in the center of the mound. All of them contained hundreds of beads made from clam shells, copper jewelry, animal fang pendants, and flint tools. Rifle shells, shrapnel, and an iron fitting from an ammunition basket suggest that the top of the mound had been used as a firing post during the First World War. For more on Bronze Age Poland, see "4,000-Year-Old Ritual Site Discovered in Poland."
SIDON, LEBANON—An underground room of the Temple of Sidon has been discovered by a team from the British Museum and the Directorate General of Antiquities of Lebanon at the Frères archaeological site. “Sealed by the imposition of a Persian period building constructed on top of it, this new room is of the highest importance in terms of its monumentality and untouched pottery material, both [domestically produced] and imported from Cyprus and Mycenae,” read a statement from the delegation that was reported in The Daily Star. Wooden artifacts, pottery, and utensils were found within the room, built with monumental stones. The site will be preserved in situ, next to the new national archaeology museum now under construction. For more on archaeology in Lebanon, see "Rebuilding Beirut."
Decorated bronze drum; detailed design of another bronze drum.
Đông Sơn II culture, Vietnam, mid first Millennium B.C.
Jahrgang 1996 (MDAV):
Jahrgang 1995 (MDAV):
Jahrgang 1994 (MDAV):
The UC Berkeley Digital Nineveh Archives was initiated in December 2005, and has been made possible by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities initiative, Recovering Iraq's Past. In December 2007 additional support was provided by the British Universities Iraq Consortium. The project, directed by David Stronach and Eleanor Wilkinson, began digitizing only the field records from the University of California at Berkeley Expedition to Nineveh 1987, 1989 and 1990. It has grown to accommodate knowledge contributed by other archaeologists past, present and future, in what has the potential to be first comprehensive archaeological reckoning of the history of the site, from the 19th century through to today.
The primary objectives of the Digital Nineveh Archive Project are:
• To create an online teaching and research tool presenting a comprehensive picture of Nineveh within the history of archaeology in the Near East.
• To establish a searchable data repository for meaningful analysis of currently unlinked sets of data from different areas of the site and different episodes in the 160-year history of excavations. The archived content is directly credited to the contributor, who determines re-use and access.
• To provide a cost-effective, permanent venue for disseminating the research of scholars with limited or no access to conventional publications and institutional support.
بدأ ت الأراشيف الرقمية لنينوى في كانون الاول / ديسمبر 2005 بفضل منحة مقدمة من المنحة الوطنية للعلوم الإنسانية ، واستعادة ماضى العراق. و في كانون الاول / ديسمبر 2007 تم تقديم دعم اضافى من قبل إتحاد الجامعات البريطانية لمساعدة العراق. و المشروع الذى يديره كل من إيلينور ويلكينسون و دﯾﭬيد ستروناك بدأ فى التحويل الرقمى فقط للسجلات الميدانية لبعثة جامعة كاليفورنيا بيركلى الى نينوى 1987 و 1989 و 1990. وقد نما لاستيعاب المعارف الاخرى التي ساهم بها علماء الآثار في الماضى والحاضر والمستقبل ، و أصبح لديه القدرة لكى يكون سجلا أثريا شاملا لتاريخ الموقع ، من القرن التاسع عشر الى اليوم.الاهداف الرئيسية لمشروع الأراشيف الرقمية لنينوى هى :ـ بناء أداة للتعلم والبحث على الانترنت لتقديم صورة شاملة لنينوى في اطار تاريخ علم الآثار فى الشرق الادنى.ـ انشاء مستودع بيانات يمكن البحث فيها لاجراء تحليل ذى مغزى لمجموعة من البيانات غير المترابطة من مختلف مناطق الموقع و فترات زمنية مختلفة فى 160 عاما من تاريخ الحفريات. و المحتوى المؤرشف يتم نسبه إلى المساهم و الذى له الحق فى أن يقرر اعادة استخدامها والوصول اليها.ـ توفير مكان دائم لنشر ابحاث العلماء و يكون فعالا من حيث التكلفة للذين لا يستطيعون أو لا يحصلون على المطبوعات التقليدية والدعم المؤسسى.هدفنا هو اتاحة البيانات الاساسية للعمل الميدانى فورا فى متناول الباحثين والمعلمين والطلاب بدلا من الانتظار لسنوات للمواد المنشورة تقليديا ، اذا كانوا قادرين على الحصول عليها. وهي متاحة لاى شخص قادر على الوصول الى شبكة الانترنت بالغتين الإنجليزية او العربية.. (هذا المشروع متعدد الباحثين ،متعدد المؤسسات ، متعدد اللغات (الانجليزية والعربيةالاصول التى تم ضمها من بيركلى ، ومعمل الكاميل بالمعهد الشرقى ،.المتحف البريطانى،الأفراد المساهمون والعلماء العراقيونالأراشيف الرقمية لنينوى هى بمثابة البوابة الفرعية للأراشيف.برنامج الميديا ڤولت يوفر الأرشيف الأساسى الذى تتم الإشارة إليه من قبل المواقع و الخدمات الأخرى و يتضمن ذلك الأوبن كونتكست و الساى أرك و شبكة التراث عالية التوصيف
ISIS has released a video showing terrorists destroying historic artifacts in the museum in Mosul, Iraq. This follows yesterday’s destruction of the Mosul Public Library. From Reuters:
Ultra-radical Islamist militants in northern Iraq have destroyed a priceless collection of statues and sculptures from the ancient Assyrian era, inflicting what an archaeologist described as incalculable damage to a piece of shared human history.
A video published by Islamic State on Thursday showed men attacking the artifacts, some of them identified as antiquities from the 7th century BC, with sledgehammers and drills, saying they were symbols of idolatry.
"The Prophet ordered us to get rid of statues and relics, and his companions did the same when they conquered countries after him," an unidentified man said in the video.
The smashed articles appeared to come from an antiquities museum in Mosul, the northern city which was overrun by Islamic State last June, a former employee at the museum told Reuters.
The militants shoved stone statues off their plinths, shattering them on the floor, and one man applied an electric drill to a large winged bull. The video showed a large exhibition room strewn with dismembered statues, and Islamic songs played in the background.
The Reuters article gives more details and the responses of Iraqi and other scholars. An article in The Daily Mail shows some screen captures from the video. The original video (in Arabic) is online here.
We can be thankful that many of the ancient artifacts were removed from the area by the excavators and put on display in museums in Britain and France where they are safe, for now.
HT: Craig Dunning, Joseph Lauer
Het aantal monumenten dat wacht op een restauratie- of onderhoudspremie neemt schrikbarend toe. Dat zegt Vlaams Parlementslid Bart Caron (Groen) op basis van de cijfers die hij opvroeg bij minister Geert Bourgeois (N-VA). “Door de invoering van het nieuwe decreet puilen de kasten van de administratie uit van de nieuwe dossiers. Wie nu nog op een premie wil rekenen, hangt af van de snelheid van de behandeling door de Vlaamse overheid. Ondertussen zullen vele monumenten aftakelen.”
Het nieuwe onroerenderfgoeddecreet, dat in werking is sinds 1 januari 2015, hanteert een lager premiepercentage voor onderhoud en restauratie van monumenten en landschappen. Daardoor hebben potentiële aanvragers eind 2014 eieren voor hun geld gekozen en op basis van het oude, voordeliger stelsel premies aangevraagd.
Geert Bourgeois bevestigde dat er in de laatste twee maanden van 2014 veel meer premieaanvragen zijn ingediend. Voor onderhoudspremies waren er gemiddeld per maand 77,7 aanvragen in de eerste tien maanden en 147 aanvragen voor de laatste twee maanden van 2014. Voor restauratiepremies waren er gemiddeld 32,7 aanvragen voor de eerste tien maanden en de laatste twee maanden alleen al 333.
“De teller van de wachtlijst staat op een geraamd premiebedrag van 302,6 miljoen euro, een stijging met 80 procent in vergelijking met oktober vorig jaar. Ook voor de meerjarenpremieovereenkomsten staan er nog geen middelen in de begroting 2015, en daar is minstens 8 miljoen per jaar voor nodig,” aldus Caron. “Minister Bourgeois beloofde om bij de eerstvolgende begrotingsaanpassing 16 miljoen euro nieuwe kredieten in te schrijven, maar dan nog blijft er astronomisch veel geld te kort.”
Deep Pits and Early Burials (Again)
Spotlight on 31-17-403: Uruk Period Skeleton from Ur
Penn Museum’s second rediscovered skeleton
The documentation that led to the rediscovery of an ancient skeleton from Ur in the Penn Museum’s storerooms last year showed that two skeletons had been received in March of 1931. This month we have located the second.
Like the first skeleton, this one was originally excavated in a deep pit intended to investigate the earliest levels of the ancient city. The first came from Pit F, nearly 50 feet below the surface of the mound. The second came from Pit Y, around 45 feet down. Overall documentation on the second skeleton is not nearly as complete as the first, however.
The minimal documentation recorded on receipt showed only that one skeleton was ‘stretched’ and the other was ‘flexed.’ The Ubaid period skeleton 31-17-404 is indeed extended, lying on its back with hands at its pelvis. The second skeleton, 31-17-403, is lying on its side with its knees bent and its hands near its mouth. Woolley took several photos of the first skeleton and the process of waxing it, but he did not report preserving a second skeleton. He did, however, take a field photograph of what he called the best preserved example of the flexed burial type. This was the very skeleton he preserved, which is shown by overlaying the field photo on a modern image of our skeleton for an exact match.
The published version of the field photo is labeled JNG/361, which stands for Jemdet Nasr Grave number 361. Jemdet Nasr is the name of a site that lends its name to a particular time period, but there is much debate today about its temporal extent. In fact, the majority of Woolley’s late JN graves are most likely Early Dynastic I period and the earlier are most likely Uruk period.
The original field photo is labeled PG1834. This number comes at the tail end of the sequence of assigned PG numbers (which end at 1850) and in fact Woolley renumbered many of the series from PG1818-1846 into JNGs because he had gone deeper than the main burials in the Royal Cemetery or believed the burials to be earlier.
Sorting out these re-numberings is a big challenge but one that’s vital to understanding the sequence of burials and the progression of the dig. As Woolley went deeper in the Royal Cemetery area (PG), he decided to uncover the earliest levels of the city and thus he continued to dig down from the base of some of the PG graves. These areas then became test pits and he made a good number of them over the latter years from 1929-1933. Pits A through E were located in the Royal Cemetery area, but Pit F was located north of there (and it was the findspot of the extended Ubaid period skeleton).
Woolley closed excavations in Pit F in January of 1930 and by that time he had already decided to dig even deeper in the Royal Cemetery in order to compare to the results of Pit F. To do this, he jumped ahead in his lettering scheme and created pits Y and Z in an area of many of the PG1800 graves.
In Pit Y he found a few graves of the flexed type, including JNG/361. He used the same technique of pouring wax on the body that he had with PFG/Z (Pit F, Grave Z, the Ubaid period skeleton 31-17-404). Our biggest problem, however, comes from conflicting data he recorded. In his chart of burials he tells us that the body in JNG/361 was lying on its right side. The skeleton we have, which matches the position and condition of the field photo skeleton, is lying on its left side. Either Woolley mistakenly wrote right when he meant left, or he mis-wrote the number of the JNG grave. For example, JNG/351 is said to be lying on its left side. Whatever happened, there is clearly a mistake somewhere. Verifying the exact mistake is almost impossible. It seems most likely that this really is JNG/361 since the photo is labeled as such. Woolley probably noted that the body was facing to the right as we look at it and wrote it down as on its right side.
Associated with the burial of JNG/361 were four pottery types. Two of them are not overly diagnostic, but the other two are rather clearly late Uruk types, which gives us a date around 3300BCE. It is a very rough date that could be off by as much as 200 years either side, but it shows us that this body is at least 1000 years later than the Ubaid one, which we have roughly dated to 4500BCE.
Burial practices are typically quite tenacious, unchanging for long periods of time because they are usually centered in deeply held beliefs. At some point in the 1000 year interval here, the method of burial as reflected in position of the body changed. In fact, most burials at Ur are flexed and on their side, like this one, but the very earliest burials of the Ubaid period were not. In the old days of scholarship, such a change would typically be used to suggest an influx of new people, an overthrow of a current population by some other. This is not necessarily the case, however. There may have been some outside influence, but that does not mean an invasion or overthrow.
In fact, both the Ubaid and Uruk cultures were rather far-reaching. Characteristics of the Ubaid culture are found throughout much of Mesopotamia and Uruk even more so. The Uruk in general is thought of as the proto-state period, when state government was arising and managing increasing numbers of people. This is the time when Ur and many other places were becoming what we today would consider true cities. Yet both Ubaid and Uruk peoples relied on far-reaching trade networks to bring in much needed materials. Along with these almost certainly came new ideas.
The shift in Ur between the times of these two burials is a fascinating one and we hope that the remains of the two individuals can give us more insight into that change. The Uruk period skeleton in particular is the focus of a current class in the Living World in Archaeological Science, where Penn undergrads and grads are working with Penn scientists to reveal more on its physiological condition and cultural significance. Thus far, x-rays have shown a good deal but it remains difficult even to determine the gender due to the positioning of the body and the wax and soil covering. The students are discussing these difficulties and trying to determine ways to investigate the body in spite of them. They are also learning about just what kind of information we might be able to obtain and the various scientific techniques that could result in much more. Read more about it in this article at the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Decorated jade scabbard slide.
China, Eastern Zhou/Western Han Dynasty, 3rd century B.C.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Islamic State group released a video on Thursday purportedly showing militants using sledgehammers to smash ancient artifacts in Iraq's northern city of Mosul, describing them as idols that must be removed [...] The five-minute video shows a group of bearded men inside the Mosul Museum using hammers and drills to destroy several large statues, which are then shown in pieces and chipped. The video then shows a black-clad man at a nearby archaeological site inside Mosul drilling through and destroying a winged-bull Assyrian protective deity that dates back to the 7th century B.C. [...] "Oh Muslims, these artifacts that are behind me were idols and gods worshipped by people who lived centuries ago instead of Allah," a bearded man tells the camera as he stands in front of the partially demolished winged-bull. "The so-called Assyrians and Akkadians and others looked to gods for war, agriculture and rain to whom they offered sacrifices," [...] "Our prophet ordered us to remove all these statues as his followers did when they conquered nations," the man in the video adds.The video is thought to be authentic. What is not entirely clear is when this happened. I am not going to repost these images here. I hope though that my readers will join me in the hope that they are used to bring war criminals to justice when the time comes.You can however see some screen shots with a commentary produced with his usual thoroughness by the indefatigable Sam Hardy 'Islamic State has toppled, sledgehammered and jackhammered (drilled out) artefacts in Mosul Museum and at Nineveh'.
The Pompeiiana Newsletter was created and edited by Bernard Barcio and ran from 1974 through 2003. Pompeiiana offered a place for Latin students to publish comics, stories, games, and articles, and was a beloved resource for Latin teachers. In 2008, Barcio granted Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers the rights for all of Pompeiiana. This blog will make all 229 issues freely available to Latin teachers, students, and others interested in Classics, one issue per day.This week, the Medieval Sai Project: The Greek Norwegian Archaeological Mission to Sudan began the serialized republication of the 22 issues of Nubian Letters published between 1983 and 1994:
Nubian Letters in an independent biannual bulletin for Nubian history and archaeology, published under the auspices of the International Society for Nubian Studies and the Department of Early Christian Art at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands.I'm really pleased to see these newsletters in general circulation. They represent a form of scholarly communication which was common in the second half of the 20th century (and earlier), but which was never properly collected by libraries. Even those which have made the leap to digital media (and you can find many be searching the keyword "newsletter" in AWOL), remain mostly poorly curated or uncollected in libraries. The are nevertheless an extraordinarily important resource for the history of the disciplines they cover, and the institutions and projects they represent.
Edited by Elizabeth de Ranitz and Karel Inemmée.
The SCS is an affiliate member of the American Council for the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). The Council has asked us to encourage all of our members who are teaching at the primary or secondary levels to complete a survey it is conducting on enrollment in foreign language classes. This survey complements the one recently conducted by the Modern Language Association concerning enrollments at the college and university level. In addition, SCS will soon be publishing results of its census of classics departments conducted this Fall.
*Paul, This is a recently excavated hoard of Roman coins from Seaton, Devon, yes the number is an estimate, we are still in the process of recording and individually photographing these coins. Please do not discuss this find or use this information until after the press conference on 25 September, Best wishes Vincent Drost*
Dear Michaeel, sorry to bother you. I came across Paul Barford's blog. I know he's a trouble maker [...] Even if this is nonsense [...]I think that says an awful lot about what the anointed demigods in the British Museum and its Portable Antiquities Scheme are probably saying about the Portable Antiquities Collecting and Heritage Issues blog. Troublemaking nonsense- monger. Note the coy "I came across PMB's blog". Dr Drost does seem from this exchange to have a few problems actually saying what the problem is... Dr Lewis sees through this fluff, barely 20 minutes later he is berating the new boy:
I saw Philippa [Walton] the other day and she said you had replied to him - is that so? Maybe she got that wrongOh dear. Caught out by the office grapevine. Dr Drost contritely replies (Note that in fact, I had only written once and then sent a polite reminder):
"As he kept asking, I've [sic] sent him a short reply in consultation with Sam and Ian, below is what I wrote [...] I probably shouldn't have but I don't think this changes anything. I understand now that I have to completely ignore him and his blog.What an extraordinary and comic exchange! Like a little boy to his school headmaster, "I know I shouldn't have done, but no harm was done, honest, but he made me do it!" Michael Lewis, as if to reinforce the impression we are dealing with a group of schoolkids, thinks up (24th September 10:50) a way to "irritate him [i.e. me] more". [tee hee]. Anyway, Dr Drost tries to be a good employee and assures Dr Lewis (24th Sept 2014, 10:56): "I am going to ignore him completely from now on. Sorry about that (sorry Sam and Ian to involve you in this)". Mike Lewis soothes him (perhaps in his best Stephen Fry voice):
"Its noones fault. he is a tricky one to deal with, especially as we feel we ought to reply. But he is so mischievous I think it is fine to ignore him".I've not been called "mischievous" since I was ten and certainly not by anyone who forgets to use apostrophes in official communications. What on earth is going on here? Involved in what, precisely? A member of the public asks PAS a question, and what exactly is Drost apologising for? The impression you get from some of these emails is that PAS head office is some kind of pretty distopic organization. I was not expecting that, I must admit.
"I see it's our Warsaw friend doing the criticising and wondering why his emails to you are bouncing?"Two points, first "our Warsaw friend" (and worse) is a metal-detectorish way to refer to he-who-shall-not-be-named. I have a name and it is not one totally unknown in archaeological circles and I do not see why it cannot be used here. Secondly by the time Williams wrote this, it was not just me doing the criticising, there was quite widespread dismay in archaeological circles in general about this time, though RESCUE had not yet produced their account. Thirdly, my emails to Ms Tyrell's office were polite requests for information from an archaeologist interested in the case, what does it say for the transparency of the PAS that Mr Williams is "not surprised" these emails were ignored (indeed being - it seems he thinks - deliberately 'bounced')? By the way, Dr Williams' use of a rising inflection here is incomprehensible - PAS punctuation perhaps is being affected by prolonged "partnership" with ignorant tekkies. Julie C[assidy] agrees (30th Dec)
"you did a great job. Just ignore the Warsaw moaner. Nothing we do would have made [sic] him happy xxx"."Warsaw moaner"? What? A major archaeological find is trashed on film by being hurriedly excavated ("it took all day") blindly digging down using a paint-stripping scraper and a carrier bag and tipped out loose on a kitchen table and another FLO (paid for with YOUR money) says "you did a great job" and somebody looking at that scandalous footage and expressing concerns should instead be "happy" to watch something like that happen. That an archaeologist watching that reacts in any other way than delirium that some more shiny silver discs have been hoiked just makes him some kind of foreign "moaner". This conversation is ridiculous. These are not the standards of best practice the PAS is employed to promote. Peter R[eaville] makes an astounding claim:
I was trolled and insulted by warsaw [sic] after excavating a couple of hoards - I just emailed him with details of my line managers and the IFA and asked him to report me for unprofessional conduct - he never did (but also never retracted the posts)."Trolled"? I am really at a loss to understand this whole accusation. Mr Reavill is mentioned on my blog six times, twice with regard to the Kate Hunter piedfort case, once mentioning his blog, once with reference to a 'finds day', and once with reference to a hoard ('Not nighthawking, really - it woz in da day' Tuesday, 8 September 2009). Could he be talking about the post (Sunday, 21 August 2011) on the 'Baschurch Hoard Screw-up'? Is the raising of cocerns about the aftermath of an archaeological investigation "trolling", or is it something else? Is it "insulting" to comment on a case like this? What is Mr Reavill on about? As for the email with employment details, I recall receiving no such document, and here the question was organizational matters not "professional conduct". I really think some people involved in the metal detecting "partnership" in the UK have extremely thin skins and warped ideas about the nature of archaeological debate. Note again the depersonalising labelling, "warsaw", here it is not even capitalised.
Lovely, I am being trolled by Warsaw and H[eritage] A[ction] at the moment for sticking up for us.Again the verb "trolled" and depersonalising "Warsaw". Later (25th Dec) Mr Pett added "don't feed the troll" to Ros Tyrrell's announcement that she was not going to address the issues I had raised. It was the BM's Dan Pett's use of the word "troll" at a public meeting where it was recorded that is part of the reasons for this FOI, so it is important to note he is still using it here and in what context. On 25th December I sent no email to Dan Pett. This "trolling" is a fantasy of Mr Pett, on Christmas Day I made just one blog post with not a troll in sight. As far as I know Heritage Action were focusing on other issues at this time. This is really getting ridiculous, everyone is playing the victim, falsely crying 'wolf' and refusing to address the archaeological issue at hand.
I can't tell the world that there was no money for lifting the hoard because the Bucks Emergency Excavation Fund was spent on the Creslow Burial in Oct. The detectorists breaking the hoard story too early, while I was trying to be on leave, has messed up the plans we had for launching that! Aargh!Hmm. Why "can't" there be any public acknowledgement of the financial problems caused by Weekend Wanderers targeting a known archaeological site just before Christmas (when their aim of going there is to find something) when there are no funds in the county to deal with anything they might find? I think this raises all sorts of questions about what is responsible detecting, and here we see the PAS deliberately avoiding bringing the subject up in the public domain. What is the problem with the Creslow Burial being mentioned? I do not understand why she thinks this is some kind of topic to be swept under the carpet.