Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

0 sec ago La rive orientale de la mer Rouge, d'Aqaba aux Îles Farasan durant l'Antiquité << Laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée

Conférence donnée par Laila Nehmé dans le cadre du Séminaire "Techniques et économies de la Méditerranée antique" dirigé par Jean-Pierre Brun.

Pour en savoir plus sur ce séminaire

0 sec ago L'hittitologie aujourd'hui : études sur l'Anatolie hittite et néo-hittite à l'occasion du centenaire de la naissance d'Emmanuel Laroche << Laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée

Organisé par Alice Mouton et Jean-François Pérouse

Ces rencontres se tiendront à l'occasion du centenaire de la naissance d'Emmanuel Laroche

- Consulter le programme

6 hours 9 min ago Which Ancient Religion Does Your Spirit Belong To? << Peter Konieczny and Sandra Sadowski (History of the Ancient World)

Does the Earth call to you? Or perhaps the Heavens of old? Come find out which ancient religion best suits your unique self and spirituality!

See also:

Which Great Philosopher Are You?

What Legendary Being Are You From Mythology and Religion?

How well do you know the Bible?

ancient religion egyptian

7 hours 32 min ago Open Access Publications of the Editorial Committee of the Swedish Institute at Athens and Rome << Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) Open Access Publications of the Editorial Committee of the Swedish Institute at Athens and Rome
http://ecsi.bokorder.se/public/images/logo.gif

 Architecture and Stratigraphy

San Giovenale, vol. 5, fasc. 1

The Borgo - Excavating an Etruscan Quarter: Architecture and Stratigraphy, 222 pages, 2013, ActaRom-4° no. 26.
By Carl Nylander, Börje Blomé, Lars Karlsson, Angela Bizzarro, Giuseppe Tilia, Stefano Tilia, Alessandro Tilia
Free pdf available
SEK 636
Sylloge inscriptionum Graecarum et Latinarum Upsaliensis The Greek and Latin inscriptions in the Collections of Uppsala University

Sylloge inscriptionum Graecarum et Latinarum Upsaliensis

The Greek and Latin inscriptions in the Collections of Uppsala University, 138 pages, 2013, ActaRom-8° no. 23.
By Christer Henriksén (ed.)
Free pdf available
SEK 530
Bones, behaviour and belief The zooarchaeological evidence as a source for ritual practice in ancient Greece and beyond

Bones, behaviour and belief

The zooarchaeological evidence as a source for ritual practice in ancient Greece and beyond, 272 pages, 2013, ActaAth-4° no. 55.
By Gunnel Ekroth (ed.), Jenny Wallensten (ed.)
Free pdf available
SEK 530
1-2

The Greek-Swedish Excavations at the Agia Aikaterini Square, Kastelli, Khania 1970-1987 and 2001. Utges i två delar sålda tillsammans

Vol. 4:1-2. The Late Minoan IIIB:1 and IIIA:2 Settlements, Text and Plates, 2011, ActaAth-4°, no. 47:4:1-2, 787 pages, 2011, ActaAth-4°.
By Erik Hallager (ed.), Birgitta P. Hallager (ed.)
Free pdf available


Mastos in the Berbati Valley An Intensive Archaeological Survey

Mastos in the Berbati Valley

An Intensive Archaeological Survey, 189 pages, 2011, ActaAth-4° no. 54.
By Berit Wells (ed.), Michael Lindblom (ed.)
Free pdf available
Children Lost and Found A bioarchaeological study of Middle Helladic children in Asine with a comparison to Lerna

Children Lost and Found

A bioarchaeological study of Middle Helladic children in Asine with a comparison to Lerna, 151 pages, 2008, ActaAth-4° no. 45.
By Anne Ingvarsson-Sundström
Free pdf available
 And see also:

8 hours 12 min ago Bucellatum - Roman Army Hardtack << Neill (Pass the Garum)

It's been quite some time since my last post - in that time I've travelled to Cambodia and back, started a new job and moved to a house with a very small kitchen.  In that time many of my Roman ingredients have gone off or gone missing, and I'm at a point where I have to start from the basics.  The very basics.  Where better to start, then, than with some simple soldiers' fare.

The late-Roman Codex Theodosianus, a compilation of Roman laws, states that during expeditions a Roman soldier should be supplied with "buccellatum ac panem, vinum quoque atque acetum, 
sed et laridum, carnem verbecinam." or "hardtack and bread, wine too and vinegar, but also bacon and mutton." (VII.4.6).  Soldiers were supposed to have the hardtack, mutton and vinegar for two days and then have a day of bread, wine and bacon.  We've already seen that the Romans turned vinegar into the refreshing drink posca, learned what bacon might be eaten with and discovered two different ways of baking bread.  But what of buccellatum?  What is hardtack?

Hardtack is a simple biscuit made from flour, salt and water.  As the name suggests, it is rock hard, baked twice at low temperatures for a very long time, ensuring that no moisture is left inside.  This makes bucellatum perfect for soldiering since without moisture it takes a long time to go off - ideal for prolonged campaigns in Britain where the weather would quickly spoil bread and flour.  Just as bucellatum was perfectly suited to soldiering, it was perfectly suited to soldiers too - a tooth lost to this rock hard biscuit was just another war wound.  In fact, so perfect was this match that Roman soldiers came to be known as bucellarii (Photius, Bibliotheca, 80).  The association between hardtack and the military continues long past ancient Rome, with hardtack being eaten by crusaders, Elizabethan sailors and by folks fighting in the American Civil War.

Bucellatum may have been eaten dry, soaked in posca or softened in a stew - no doubt soldiers found a variety of ways to make this staple more exciting.  Given how long it lasts, if you cook up a batch you can try new ways of preparing it for years to come.  Whilst there is no surviving recipe for Roman bucellatum, there are plenty for hardtack.  All are based upon flour, salt and water, ingredients which the Roman army had in abundance and distributed to its soldiers.  Instead of oil, which some recipes call for, I have used a small amount of butter.

Bucellatum/Hardtack
(makes 8)

Ingredients

  • 350g Flour (Wholemeal)
  • 75ml Water
  • 1 tsp Salt
  • 10g Butter/Lard or 1 tbsp Olive Oil

Method


  • Mix the flour, salt and butter.
  • Add the water, bit at a time, to create a stiff (dry) dough - hardtack is supposed to be completely dry when finished.
  • Roll the dough out until it is 1/2 inch thick.  Some sources describe bucellatum as being round, so use an upturned glass to cut out the biscuits.  You can cut it as you wish however - I can't imagine the soldiers being too fussy.  Punch holes in the dough to allow the air - and moisture - to escape whilst baking.  I used a chopstick to do this.
  • Place onto a baking tray and into an oven preheated to around 120 Celsius - you want to cook the hardtack at a low heat for a long time.  Mine took 2.5 hours.  Halfway through I turned the biscuits over and re-punched the holes.
  • Leave the hardtack to cool in the oven for several hours.  If any are still moist, cook in the oven until totally dry.


Results


I quite enjoyed bucellatum - it was tough and at times difficult to eat, but it was wonderfully salty and quite filling.  I imagine that it would work well when eaten with a stew.  With lots left over, I will see how well it keeps.


Useful links:
9 hours 31 min ago Open Access Week at the Homer Multitext project << The Homer Multitext This week is Open Access Week, an annual event promoting open access as a norm in scholarly work.  At Holy Cross, three members of the Homer Multitext project, Nik Churik '15, Brian Clark '15, and Melody Wauke '17, took part in a panel along with presenters from the faculty and the library staff. (Below, Brian and Melody with Nik's wristwatch in the background as the panellists are introduced in the very traditional setting of a library reading room.)


In contrast to the other speakers, the HMT members traced a connection from open access to the potential to replicate and verify scholarly work, and concluded that open access is not simply one convenient option among others, but an ethical obligation.  The audience seemed to me to struggle with this idea, despite the fact that it was a small, self-selected group already interested in the subject.

One institution that deserves recognition for taking open access very seriously is the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, where hundreds of manuscripts are being digitized, and made available on line under the terms of a Creative Commons license.  (Some of the older digitization includes black and white images only, but more recent additions offer very high quality color images.) Four of the Greek manuscripts they have already digitized include Homeric material, and thanks to the library's use of a standard open license, we will be including them in future releases of the Homer Mutlitext's archive. The processor-intensive conversion of the images to the zoomable format we use in our citable image service is underway, and you can now look at the first of the Munich manuscripts on our test site.  If the manuscript photography we have already published has awakened your interest in the various prose paraphrases and metrical summaries of the Iliad they include, you will no doubt enjoy the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek's Codex Graecus 88 as well.




10 hours 22 min ago The ‘throne room’ of Knossos, Crete, ca. 1500 BC,... << Ancient Art

The ‘throne room’ of Knossos, Crete, ca. 1500 BC, Minoan.

Although quite reconstructed, the room and its remnants remain in situ, and do give a fairly accurate image of how this room would have once appeared, based of archaeological research.

Photo taken by bebopeloula.

11 hours 53 min ago 17th-Century Vaults Unearthed in 13th-Century Irish Church << Archaeology Magazine

CORK, IRELAND—Subsidence in the aisle at St. Mary’s Collegiate Church in Youghal, a prosperous medieval port town, has led to the discovery of three burial vaults dating to the seventeenth century. The church, which was built in 1250, is the oldest continuously used church in Ireland. “We have unearthed some pottery and coins from the seventeenth century and a fabulous underground central heating system which was modelled on the Roman aqua duct system. It dates to the eighteenth century and boiling water was poured in to provide the heating,” archaeologist Caroline Desmond told The Irish Examiner. Desmond and her team will stabilize the area where they have been working and continue the investigation next year because the church’s annals indicate that another five tombs remain to be found under the aisle. “We will undoubtedly find more archaeology there. The roof of the church is still the original and it was built by French carpenters. That also goes to show that Youghal was a very prosperous town at the time as the merchants were able to pay to bring in skilled labor from abroad,” she explained. 

11 hours 53 min ago 17th-Century Vaults Unearthed in 13th-Century Irish Church << Archaeology Magazine

CORK, IRELAND—Subsidence in the aisle at St. Mary’s Collegiate Church in Youghal, a prosperous medieval port town, has led to the discovery of three burial vaults dating to the seventeenth century. The church, which was built in 1250, is the oldest continuously used church in Ireland. “We have unearthed some pottery and coins from the seventeenth century and a fabulous underground central heating system which was modelled on the Roman aqua duct system. It dates to the eighteenth century and boiling water was poured in to provide the heating,” archaeologist Caroline Desmond told The Irish Examiner. Desmond and her team will stabilize the area where they have been working and continue the investigation next year because the church’s annals indicate that another five tombs remain to be found under the aisle. “We will undoubtedly find more archaeology there. The roof of the church is still the original and it was built by French carpenters. That also goes to show that Youghal was a very prosperous town at the time as the merchants were able to pay to bring in skilled labor from abroad,” she explained. 

12 hours 15 min ago The Curator, the Fax and the Mummy Mask << David Gill (Looting Matters)


I remain puzzled by the St Louis Art Museum. It seems that less than one year after acquiring the Ka-Nefer-Nefer mummy mask (the one with the name erased from the hand), a distinguished Egyptologist from a major international museum faxed a member of the curatorial team at SLAM drawing attention to the link with Saqqara.

It also seems that another museum-based Egyptologist encouraged the leadership team at SLAM to contact the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), in part because it was known that the archaeological store at Saqqara had been 'disturbed'.

The leadership team at SLAM will need to explain how they responded to this information. Or did they wait until Zahi Hawass contacted SLAM's director of February 14, 2006?


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12 hours 22 min ago Dental Health in Roman Britain Studied << Archaeology Magazine

LONDON, ENGLAND—Only five percent of Roman Britons had severe gum disease, despite the prevalence of infections, abscesses, and tooth decay in their smiles, according to a study conducted by a team made of researchers from King’s College London and London’s Natural History Museum. They examined 303 skulls recovered from a cemetery in Dorset. Most of these people had died in their 40s sometime between 200 and 400 A.D. “The amount of severe gum disease around today is around one third of the population. But much to our surprise these people didn’t have a lot of gum disease, but they did have a lot of other dental problems,” Francis Hughes of the dental institute at King’s College London told BBC News. Wear and tear from abrasive grains and cereals in the pre-toothbrush age probably contributed to longstanding infections and chronic pain. “This study shows a major deterioration in oral health between Roman times and modern England. By underlining the probable role of smoking, especially in determining the susceptibility to progressive periodontitis in modern populations, there is a real sign that the disease can be avoided,” added Theya Molleson of the Natural History Museum.  For more on the study of dental health, see "The Virtues of Stone Age Dentistry." 

12 hours 22 min ago Dental Health in Roman Britain Studied << Archaeology Magazine

LONDON, ENGLAND—Only five percent of Roman Britons had severe gum disease, despite the prevalence of infections, abscesses, and tooth decay in their smiles, according to a study conducted by a team made of researchers from King’s College London and London’s Natural History Museum. They examined 303 skulls recovered from a cemetery in Dorset. Most of these people had died in their 40s sometime between 200 and 400 A.D. “The amount of severe gum disease around today is around one third of the population. But much to our surprise these people didn’t have a lot of gum disease, but they did have a lot of other dental problems,” Francis Hughes of the dental institute at King’s College London told BBC News. Wear and tear from abrasive grains and cereals in the pre-toothbrush age probably contributed to longstanding infections and chronic pain. “This study shows a major deterioration in oral health between Roman times and modern England. By underlining the probable role of smoking, especially in determining the susceptibility to progressive periodontitis in modern populations, there is a real sign that the disease can be avoided,” added Theya Molleson of the Natural History Museum.  For more on the study of dental health, see "The Virtues of Stone Age Dentistry." 

12 hours 51 min ago Open Access Journal: Classical Tradition eJournal << Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) Classical Tradition eJournal
http://hq.ssrn.com/header/social.jpg

This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts having a primary focus on the reception of Greek and Roman literature, philosophy and civilization in the post-Classical world. Additional subcategories and/or subdivisions of them will be added as appropriate. 
 

Click here to Browse our Electronic Library to view our archives of abstracts and associated full text papers published in this journal.


Classical Tradition eJournal Advisory Board Click on the individual's name below to view the editor or advisory board member's author home page.

Andrew L. Ford
Carin M. Green
Judith Evans Grubbs
Dirk Obbink
Josiah Ober
Andrew M. Riggsby
Ruth S. Scodel
 
Incl. Electronic PaperKlioszientistische Studien (Clioscientific Studies)
Hans W. Giessen
Independent
Date Posted: October 04, 2014
Working Paper Series
2 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Constitutional Thought of Alexander Hamilton
Denis Galligan (ed.), Constitutions and the Classics (Oxford, 2014)
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: May 07, 2014
Accepted Paper Series
153 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperLas Actividades De Trabajo En Grupo En Un Entorno Tecnológico: El Caso De Las Lenguas Clásicas (The Group Work Activities in a Technological Environment: The Case of Classical Languages)
Revista de Estudios Latinos (RELat) 9, 2009, 209-234
Cristóbal Macías Villalobos
University of Malaga
Date Posted: July 10, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
3 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperPlotinus’ Views on Soul, Suicide, and Incarnation
Schole 3.2, 387–400,
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: April 16, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
10 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperMeasuring Finley's Impact
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Date Posted: April 01, 2013
Working Paper Series
17 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Rousseau's Use of Plato's Laws in the Letter to D’Alembert
American Dialectic, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-43, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-11
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: February 10, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
39 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperHomer in the Renaissance: The Troy Stories
Jose Angel Garcia Landa
Universidad de Zaragoza
Date Posted: December 14, 2012
Working Paper Series
33 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperAristote et Perelman: L’Ancienne et la Nouvelle Rhétorique (Aristotle and Perelman: Ancient Rhetoric and New Rhetoric)
Giovanni Damele
Universidade Nova de Lisboa - Instituto de Filosofia da Linguagem
Date Posted: December 02, 2012
Working Paper Series
89 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Plato’s Laws as an Introduction to Rousseau’s Letter to D’Alembert
American Dialectic, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2012, pp. 216-249, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 12-65
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: October 03, 2012
Accepted Paper Series
30 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Parthenon Sculptures and Cultural Justice
Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 23
Derek Fincham
South Texas College of Law
Date Posted: August 19, 2012
Last Revised: April 11, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
186 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperOn the Proto-Indo-European Language of the Indus Valley Civilization (and Its Implications for Western Prehistory)
The Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization: New Perspectives (Essays in Honor of Dr. S.R. Rao) (2014)
Robin Bradley Kar
University of Illinois College of Law
Date Posted: August 06, 2012
Last Revised: August 06, 2014
Accepted Paper Series
143 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Portrayal of Socrates by Damascius
Phronimon, 7 (1) 45-54, 2006
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: August 04, 2012
Last Revised: July 15, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
20 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Wandering Soul in Plato and Cavafy
Skepsis, XVI, i-ii, 106-114, 2005
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: August 03, 2012
Last Revised: July 15, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
22 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperProlegomenon to an Ethically Grounded Management Theory
Mitchell Langbert
Brooklyn College
Date Posted: June 18, 2012
Working Paper Series
23 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperJustice and the Cultural Heritage Movement: Using Environmental Justice to Appraise Art and Antiquities Disputes
20 Va. J. Soc. Pol’y & L. 43 (2012),
Derek Fincham
South Texas College of Law
Date Posted: March 22, 2012
Last Revised: March 27, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
144 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperIslamic Atomism and the Galenic Tradition
History of Science, Vol. 47, pp. 277- 295, 2009
Tzvi Langermann
Bar-Ilan University
Date Posted: February 22, 2012
Accepted Paper Series
52 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Rousseau’s Use of Plato’s Laws
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 11-54
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: December 17, 2011
Last Revised: August 24, 2012
Working Paper Series
63 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperRamsay MacMullen’s Portrait of Rome Begs the Question: Does the Ninety-Nine Percent have Parallels in History?
DiMarkco Stephen Chandler
Claremont Graduate University
Date Posted: December 12, 2011
Last Revised: January 03, 2012
Working Paper Series
57 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Relevance of Intellectual Historian Herbert J. Muller and the Greeks in Asia Minor
DiMarkco Stephen Chandler
Claremont Graduate University
Date Posted: April 19, 2011
Last Revised: December 27, 2011
Working Paper Series
68 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperWhy Wicked Never Wins: An Examination of the Early Origins of the Evil Female Villain of the Fairy Tale Narrative
Priti Nemani, J.D.
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: April 12, 2011
Last Revised: September 10, 2011
Working Paper Series
117 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperUnlimited Growth and Innovation: Paradise or Paradox?
Andrew J. Sutter
Rikkyo University, College of Law and Politics
Date Posted: November 16, 2010
Last Revised: November 20, 2010
Working Paper Series
308 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperCollecting Culture and the British Museum
Curator: The Museum Journal, Vol. 49, No. 449, 2006

Date Posted: August 21, 2010
Accepted Paper Series
61 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperIntroduction to 'Generare in Comune' - Theories and Representations of Hybridization in Ancient Folk Zoology
GENERARE IN COMUNE, 2008
Pietro Edoardo Li Causi
University of Palermo
Date Posted: May 22, 2010
Accepted Paper Series
33 downloads

Incl. Electronic Paper'This Barbarous Habit': Nineteenth Century Reactions to Classical Placenames in Central N. Y.
David M. Pollio
Christopher Newport University
Date Posted: May 17, 2010
Working Paper Series
24 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Clades Variana and the Third Reich
David B. Cuff
University of Toronto
Date Posted: May 17, 2010
Working Paper Series
22 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperOn the Editio Princeps of Statius’ Epics
Harald Anderson
Independent
Date Posted: May 16, 2010
Last Revised: May 28, 2010
Working Paper Series
47 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperJosef Kavalier's Odyssey: Epic Echoes in Chabon's The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay
Daniel Levine
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: May 04, 2010
Working Paper Series
19 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperReflections of Catullus 38 in Allen Ginsberg's ‘Malest Cornifici Tuo Catullo’
Alan Corn
Ohio State University
Date Posted: April 29, 2010
Last Revised: May 15, 2010
Working Paper Series
36 downloads

Aristotle's Ethics and Lincoln's Life: the Tragedy, Liberation and Irony of Practical Wisdom
Western Political Science Association 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Marc Sable
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 29, 2010
Working Paper Series

Reflections on Responsibility: Thucydides and Grote
Western Political Science Association 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Arlene W Saxonhouse
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Date Posted: March 29, 2010
Working Paper Series

2011 Lambda Classical Caucus Panel - Title of Panel: Ancient 'Unspeakable Vices' and Modern Pedagogy: Talking About Homosexuality in Classical Antiquity in the 21st Century Academy
Konstantinos Nikoloutsos
American Philological Association
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series

Postcolonial Latin American Adaptations of Greek and Roman Drama
Konstantinos Nikoloutsos
American Philological Association
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Children of Orpheus: How Composers Receive Ancient Texts
Robert Cary Ketterer
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series
36 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperDemocracy and Antigone
Stetson Law Review, Vol. 39, p. 3, 2009
Ruthann Robson
CUNY School of Law
Date Posted: March 11, 2010
Last Revised: April 18, 2010
Accepted Paper Series
292 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperNew World Classics: Receptions of Antiquity for Modern Children
Sheila Murnaghan
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 11, 2010
Working Paper Series
59 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperClassical Influences on the Law and Politics of the French Revolution
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION, Anthony Grafton, Glenn Most, Salvatore Settis, eds., Harvard, 2009
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: July 23, 2009
Accepted Paper Series
355 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperClassical Influences on the American Founding Fathers
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION, Anthony Grafton, Glenn Most, Salvatore Settis, eds., Harvard, 2009, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-20
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: July 22, 2009
Accepted Paper Series
602 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperEditing the Nation: Classical Scholarship in Greece Ca. 1930
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 010803
Constanze Güthenke
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: July 01, 2009
Working Paper Series
13 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperModern Histories of Ancient Greece: Genealogies, Contexts and Eighteenth-Century Narrative Historiography
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 020805
Giovanna Ceserani
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: July 01, 2009
Working Paper Series
59 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThucydides and the Invention of Political Science
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110515
Josiah Ober
Stanford University - Department of Classics
Date Posted: June 30, 2009
Working Paper Series
145 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperSpartacus Before Marx
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110516
Brent Shaw
Princeton University - Department of Classics
Date Posted: June 29, 2009
Working Paper Series
84 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Influence on Marcus Tullius Cicero on Modern Legal and Political Ideas
Ciceroniana, the Atti of Colloquium Tullianum Anni, MMVIII
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: June 05, 2009
Accepted Paper Series
628 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Image of Love (La Imagen Del Amor)
Iliana Restrepo
Jorge Tadeo Lozano University
Date Posted: January 11, 2009
Working Paper Series
60 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperHomer in Australian Reasons for Judgment or Decision
Leslie Katz
Independent
Date Posted: January 01, 2009
Last Revised: May 20, 2013
Working Paper Series
63 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperAdam Smith and Roman Servitudes
Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis, Vol. 72, 327-57, 2004
Ernest Metzger
University of Glasgow - School of Law
Date Posted: November 01, 2008
Accepted Paper Series
82 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperTransfer of Western Knowledge to Turkey: Institutionalized Policy of Translation and Library Building
Fuat Andic and Arnold Reisman
affiliation not provided to SSRNand Reisman and Associates
Date Posted: July 08, 2008
Working Paper Series
77 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperJustice Fred Blume and the Translation of Justinian's Code
Law Library Journal, Vol. 99, 2007
Timothy G. Kearley
University of Wyoming College of Law
Date Posted: January 10, 2008
Accepted Paper Series
106 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperRebuilding the Closet: Bowers v. Hardwick, Lawrence v. Texas, and the Mismeasure of Homosexual Historiography
Richmond Journal of Law and Public Interest, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2004
Jody Lynee Madeira
Indiana University Maurer School of Law-Bloomington
Date Posted: August 05, 2007
Accepted Paper Series
134 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperSocrates on Management: An Analysis of Xenophon's Oeconomicus
George Bragues
University of Guelph-Humber
Date Posted: June 28, 2007
Working Paper Series
414 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperAristotle's Ethics and the Virtuous Lawyer: A Study on Legal Ethics and Clinical Legal Education
Journal of the Legal Profession, Vol. 20, p. 5, 1996
Lorie Graham
Suffolk University Law School
Date Posted: June 07, 2007
Accepted Paper Series
277 downloads


Incl. Electronic PaperPlato, Hegel, and Democracy
Brooks, Thom (2006). "Plato, Hegel, and Democracy," Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 53/54: 24-50. Revised edition in Brooks, Thom (2013). "Democracy" in Hegel's Political Philosophy: A Systematic Reading of the Philosophy of Right, 2d edition (Edinburgh University Press).
Thom Brooks
Durham University
Date Posted: September 26, 2006
Last Revised: February 17, 2013
Accepted Paper Series
886 downloads

Incl. Electronic PaperPaths of Western Law after Justinian
London Law Review, Vol. 2, 2006
M. Stuart Madden
Pace University School of Law
Date Posted: July 25, 2006
Accepted Paper Series
235 downloads

Prevailing Wisdom: Antiquity and the Structural Constitution
Emory Public Law Research Paper No. 03-17
David J. Bederman
Emory University School of Law
Date Posted: October 15, 2003
Working Paper Series

The Elgin Marbles: Matters Of Fact And Opinion
International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2000
Sir John Boardman
Ashmolean Museum
Date Posted: January 30, 2001
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperOrigins of the Game Theory of Law and the Limits of Harmony in Plato's Laws
Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 20, May-July 1999
Arthur J. Jacobson
Cardozo Law School
Date Posted: March 15, 2000
Accepted Paper Series
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12 hours 53 min ago Ancient Burial Mounds Looted in Denmark << Archaeology Magazine

GRINDSTED, DENMARK—Police are investigating the destruction of four ancient burial sites in southeast Jutland, according to a report in The Copenhagen Post. The protected graves were estimated to be 4,000 years old. Similar burials have contained stone axes, jewelry, and pottery. This is the first time graves in Denmark have been plundered since the end of the 1890s. “The things we could have learned from the burial mounds have now been erased from history. We can no longer investigate how ancient life was in this area of Jutland,” said archaeologist Lars Bjarke Christensen of the country’s culture ministry. 

12 hours 53 min ago Ancient Burial Mounds Looted in Denmark << Archaeology Magazine

GRINDSTED, DENMARK—Police are investigating the destruction of four ancient burial sites in southeast Jutland, according to a report in The Copenhagen Post. The protected graves were estimated to be 4,000 years old. Similar burials have contained stone axes, jewelry, and pottery. This is the first time graves in Denmark have been plundered since the end of the 1890s. “The things we could have learned from the burial mounds have now been erased from history. We can no longer investigate how ancient life was in this area of Jutland,” said archaeologist Lars Bjarke Christensen of the country’s culture ministry. 

13 hours 10 min ago Open Access Archaeology Digest #581 << Open Access Archaeology Learn more about Archaeology, History, Anthropology, etc. Open Access (free to read) articles:

Notes on a Bronze Caldron found at Hattonknowe, Darnhall, in the County of Peebles.
http://bit.ly/195U2lC

A torc of twisted gold from Morayshire
http://bit.ly/12s8dNo

A Landscape in Transition: A View from Santa Barbara Historical Museum
http://bit.ly/10rVizO

Going Underground at Cal: 2003 On-campus Excavations at the University of California, Berkeley
http://bit.ly/10rVjUy

Learn more about Open Access and Archaeology at: http://bit.ly/YHuyFK

13 hours 13 min ago Nero’s Domus Aurea to Reopen on Sunday in Rome << Archaeological News on Tumblr ROME – The remains of the Domus Aurea, or Golden House, the opulent villa that the Emperor Nero...
13 hours 23 min ago Golden Horde City Excavated in Russia << Archaeology Magazine

ukek-excavation-russiaISTANBUL, TURKEY—A thirteenth-century city founded by Batu Khan, a descendant of Genghis Khan, is being excavated in Russia. Located along the Volga River, this prosperous city, known as Ukek, was part of the Golden Horde kingdom, which controlled many of the Silk Road trade routes connecting China and Europe. Christianity, Islam, and Shamanism were all practiced in Ukek. Archaeologists from the Saratov Regional Museum of Local Lore are currently excavating two temples in the city’s Christian quarter. The earlier temple had a tile roof and was decorated inside and out with murals and stone carvings. “Some items belonging to the local elite were found in the Christian district. Among other things, there is a Chinese glass hair pin, with a head shaped as a split pomegranate, and a fragment of a bone plate with a carved dragon image,” archaeologist Dmitriy Kubankin told Live Science. Goods such as imported fine plates and bottles were found stored the temple’s basement. When that temple was destroyed, a second was built with stone walls and a tile roof. The city was eventually conquered by Tamerlane in 1395. Kubankin presented his team’s findings at the recent meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists. To read about the excavation of medieval fortifications in Siberia, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "Fortress of Solitude."

13 hours 23 min ago Golden Horde City Excavated in Russia << Archaeology Magazine

ukek-excavation-russiaISTANBUL, TURKEY—A thirteenth-century city founded by Batu Khan, a descendant of Genghis Khan, is being excavated in Russia. Located along the Volga River, this prosperous city, known as Ukek, was part of the Golden Horde kingdom, which controlled many of the Silk Road trade routes connecting China and Europe. Christianity, Islam, and Shamanism were all practiced in Ukek. Archaeologists from the Saratov Regional Museum of Local Lore are currently excavating two temples in the city’s Christian quarter. The earlier temple had a tile roof and was decorated inside and out with murals and stone carvings. “Some items belonging to the local elite were found in the Christian district. Among other things, there is a Chinese glass hair pin, with a head shaped as a split pomegranate, and a fragment of a bone plate with a carved dragon image,” archaeologist Dmitriy Kubankin told Live Science. Goods such as imported fine plates and bottles were found stored the temple’s basement. When that temple was destroyed, a second was built with stone walls and a tile roof. The city was eventually conquered by Tamerlane in 1395. Kubankin presented his team’s findings at the recent meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists. To read about the excavation of medieval fortifications in Siberia, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "Fortress of Solitude."

13 hours 51 min ago Arabic Collections Online المجموعات العربية على الانترنت << AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources
http://dlib.nyu.edu/aco/





Arabic Collections Online (ACO) is a publicly available digital library of public domain Arabic language content. Funded by New York University Abu Dhabi, this mass digitization project aims to expose up to 15,000 volumes from NYU and partner institutions over a period of five years. NYU and the partner institutions are contributing all types of material—literature, business, science, and more—from their Arabic language collections. ACO will provide digital access to printed books drawn from rich Arabic collections of prominent libraries.
 المجموعات العربيَّة على الإنترنيت عبارة عن مكتبة عامَّة رقميَّة للكتب المؤلَّفة باللغة العربيَّة والتي أصبحت في المجال العام. إنَّ هذا المشروع الرَّقمي الهائل مُمَّول من قِبل جامعة نيويورك أبو ظبي، ويهدف إلى عرض ما يقارب خمسة عشرة ألف كتاب من قِبل جامعة نيويورك والجامعات الأخرى المشاركة خلال مدة خمس سنوات من العمل. إنَّ جامعة نيويورك والجامعات الأخرى المساهمة ستقدم أنواع مختلفة من الكتب في مجالات الأدب و التجارة والعلوم وغيرها من مقتنياتها من الكتب العربيَّة. إنَّ المجموعات العربيَّة على الإنترنيت، سوف توفر إمكانية الوصول الإلكتروني إلى كتب مطبوعة مستمدَّة من مجموعات قيِّمة من مكتبات هامة. 

13 hours 53 min ago In­schrif­ten von Philippi im Bild << Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) In­schrif­ten von Philippi im Bild
http://www.philippoi.de/images/titelstein.gif
Auf dieser Seite werden die Bilder der In­schrif­ten von Philippi (Ma­ke­do­nien) allen In­ter­ess­ier­ten zugäng­lich ge­macht. Die Tex­te der grie­chi­schen und la­tei­ni­schen In­schrif­ten wur­den im Jahr 2000 in dem "Ka­ta­log der In­schrif­ten von Phil­ip­pi" (vgl. das Li­te­ra­tur­ver­zeich­nis) erst­mals in einem Band zu­sam­men­ge­stellt. Aus Um­fangs- wie aus Ko­sten­grün­den war nie­mals ge­plant, die­sem Band auch Pho­to­gra­phien bei­zu­ge­ben. Im Zu­ge meiner Be­ru­fungs­ver­hand­lun­gen an der Fried­rich-Alex­ander-Uni­ver­sität Er­lan­gen-Nürn­berg hat der Kanz­ler dieser Uni­versi­tät, Herr Tho­mas A. H. Schöck, Mit­tel be­wil­ligt, die die An­stel­lung einer Hilfs­kraft für drei Jah­re er­mög­li­chen, um die Phil­ip­pi-Dias zu scan­nen und ins Netz zu stel­len. Ihm gilt da­her mein be­son­derer Dank. Mein Dank gilt so­dann mei­nem Mit­ar­beit­er, Herrn Hol­ger Ibisch, der sich be­reit­wil­lig und ein­ge­hend mit der Hard- und Soft­ware ver­traut ge­macht hat, die er­for­der­lich ist, um eine solche In­ter­net-Sei­te zu ge­stal­ten. Er wur­de un­terstützt von Herrn Björn Nord­gauer, der die Da­ten­bank ent­wor­fen und pro­gra­mmiert hat. Auch ihm dan­ke ich herz­lich.

Das ProjektDer Aufbau dieser SammlungDie VorgeschichteDie LiteraturDie InschriftenNeue Inschriften
14 hours 3 min ago Terracotta Statuette of a Horse 4th-3rd Century BC Late... << Ancient Peoples

Terracotta Statuette of a Horse

4th-3rd Century BC

Late Classical or Hellenistic Period Greece

(Source: The Met Museum)

14 hours 8 min ago Corpus Inscriptionum Crucesignatorum Terrae Sanctae: Anthology of Crusader Inscriptions in the Holy Land (1099-1291) << AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources Corpus Inscriptionum Crucesignatorum Terrae Sanctae 
Anthology of Crusader Inscriptions in the Holy Land (1099-1291) 
Sabino De Sandoli, OFM

Father Sabino De Sandoli's "Corpus Inscriptionum" is the most extensive collection of surviving Crusader inscriptions ever published. The inscriptions, written between 1099 and 1291, have been collected from all areas of Palestine: from Gaza to Acre, from Hebron to Banias, and from the southern part of Transjordan.
"Corpus Inscriptionum Crucesignatorum Terrae Sanctae" was published in 1973 by Studium Biblicum Franciscanum and the Franciscan Printing Press in Jerusalem.
Since 1333, when the Custody of the Holy Land was established, the Franciscan Friars have made an enormous contribution to the Crusader epigraphy. With pious dedication, they have diligently recorded the ultimate expression of the profound religiousness of their heroic predecessors.
The English translation was performed by Michael Olteanu.


  • Cover Pages
  • Prefazione - Preface
  • Indice generale - General Index
  • Indice Bibliografico - Bibliographic Index
    Introduzione - Introduction
  • Fonti e studi - Sources and Studies
  • Classifica delle Iscrizioni Crociati - Classification of the Crusader Inscriptions
  • La Paleografia Crociata - The Crusader Paleography
  • La Lingua Latina nell'Epigrafia Crociata - The Latin Language in the Crusader Epigraphy
  • La Religiosità dei crociati - The Religiousness of the Crusaders
  • Il Regno di Gerusalemme - The Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Il Demanio Reale di Gerusalemme - The Royal State of Jerusalem
    Gerusalemme - Jerusalem
    I Parte: Iscrizioni Crociate dentro le Mura - Part I: Crusader Inscriptions within the City Walls
  • La Basilica del Santo Sepolcro - The Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre
  • L'Ospedale di San Giovanni - The Hospital of Saint John
  • Il Tempio del Signore - The Temple of the Lord
  • Iscrizioni di altri luoghi dentro le mura di Gerusalemme - Inscriptions at other sites within the walls of Jerusalem
    II Parte: Iscrizioni Crociate fuori le Mura - Part II: Crusader Inscriptions outside the City Walls
  • La chiesa di San Stefano - The church of Saint Stephen
  • Il Monte Sion - Mount Zion
  • I Santuari della Valle di Giosafat - The Sanctuaries of the Valley of Josaphat
  • Il Monte degli Olivi - The Mount of Olives
    Betlemme - Bethlehem
  • Betlemme - Bethlehem
    Altre località del Demanio Reale di Gerusalemme - Other Sites in the Royal State of Jerusalem
  • Altre località a Nord e Ovest di Gerusalemme - Other Sites North and West of Jerusalem
    III Parte: Le Signorie Crociate della Palestina - Part III: The Crusader Seignories of Palestine
  • La Signoria di San Abramo (Ebron), d'Oltre-Giordano, la Contea di Giaffa e Ascalone, la Signoria di Blanche-Garde, Ramleh e Lidda, Arsuf, Nàblus, Rafidia e Sebaste, Cesareea Maritima, Caifa - The Seignory of St. Abraham (Hebron), Transjordan, the County of Jaffa and Ascalon, the Seignory of Blanche Garde, Ramleh and Lidda, Arsuf, Nàblus, Rafidia and Sebaste, Cesarea, Caifa
  • La Signoria del Archivescovo di Nazaret, il Castello di Belvoir, L'Abbazia del Monte Tabor, il Principato di Tiberiade, il Castello di Safad, la Signoria di Bànias - The Seignory of the Archbishop of Nazareth,the Castle of Belvoir, the Abbey of Mount Tabor, the Principality of Tiberiade, the Castle of Safad, the Seignory of Bànias
  • San Giovanni d'Acri - Saint John of Acre
  • Appendice - Appendix
  • Errata - Errata
  • Indice delle Illustrazioni - Illustrations Index
  • Indice Linguistico - Linguistic Index
  • Indice Analitico - Analytic Index
  • Back Cover