Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

4 hours 7 min ago PAS Needs Fixing? << Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

< Andy Baines, 'Is the current PAS scheme starting to show signs of fatigue?' Wednesday, 23 April 2014 asks whether the selective recording being discussed on detecting forums, but consistently ignored or downplayed by supporters of the Scheme means that the PAS is on the verge of collapse. He says that from a detectorist's point of view, the FLOs "are not keeping to their side of the deal".
All the while there is silence from PAS and its corresponding flo about this situation, which to me says one thing only and that is that they know its going on and would rather bury their heads in the sand. Why doesn't a representative enter one of the forums or blogs and communicate about the issues that are being raised?
He challenges the PAS to set out their policy - good luck to him on that, the PAS have been singularly uncommunicative when asked these questions by archaeologists and conservation groups (like Heritage Action). Maybe the metal detectorists will get some answers.

4 hours 29 min ago Skeletons found in Suffolk water pipe dig << Archaeological News on Tumblr

Nine human skeletons have been found by archaeologists excavating land to be used for a water pipeline in Suffolk.

Eight of them, found together near Barnham, are believed to date back to about AD300. Two of the bodies had been buried with a brooch and a knife.

The other skeleton was discovered at Rougham.

Anglian Water, which is installing a new pipeline to serve Bury St Edmunds, said items from the dig would be “kept in a secure museum archive”.

The dig took five months and also unearthed evidence of Anglo Saxon “grub huts” from the 6th Century, near Barnham. Read more.

4 hours 51 min ago The mysterious carvings of Angono << Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Spotlight on the Angono Petroglyphs in the Philippines – one of the few rock art sites known in the Philippines (although there is some question about their age). Like most rock art sites, they are in danger from natural and man-made threats.

 Philippine Daily Inquirer 20140421

Students at the Angono Petroglyphs. Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer 20140421

Ancient enigmatic carvings in danger of disappearing
AFP, via the Philippine Daily Inquirer, 21 April 2014

On a small rock wall a short drive from Manila, enigmatic carvings that are believed to date back 5,000 years are in danger of disappearing before their mysteries can be solved.

The 127 engravings of people, animals and geometric shapes are the Philippines’ oldest known artworks, but encroaching urbanization, vandals and the ravages of nature are growing threats.

“Eventually they will disappear … preservation is out of the question,” veteran anthropologist Jesus Peralta, who did an extensive and widely respected study of the carvings in the 1970s, told Agence France-Presse.

The artworks have been declared a national treasure, regarded as the best proof that relatively sophisticated societies existed in the Philippines in the Stone Age.

Full story here.

14.5328722 121.18679440000005
5 hours 3 min ago Thai sites to be 3D scanned << Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Archaeological sites in Thailand will soon be scanned with a 3D laser scanner, starting with Wat Chai Wattanaram temple in Ayutthaya.

US sending 3-D scanners to archaeological sites, starting with Chai Wattanaram temple in Ayutthaya
National News Bureau of Thailand, 21 April 2014

Mr. Anek Sihamat, Director General of the Fine Arts Department, said in a workshop that the United States has sent experts to help with archaeological site preservation, as well as a 3-D laser scanner in order to gather the most accurate data about archaeological sites.

Ayutthaya’s Chai Wattanaram temple will be the first site where this equipment will be used to evaluate the area, structure, height and design. Archaeologists from all over the country will be called in to study how this equipment works so 3-D scanners can be used to collect data throughout the country.

Full story here.

14.3429579 100.54178950000005
5 hours 6 min ago Portable GIS Update << Jo Cook (Computing, GIS and Archaeology in the UK)

It’s taken slightly longer than I’d like, but I’ve updated Portable GIS to include QGIS 2.2. You can find a copy of this new version on the portable gis page. I’ve included a zip file of the qgis2 folder for those that don’t want to install a full new version. You should be able to simply copy this over the existing apps/qgis2 folder, but you will lose any personalisations, such as new plugins etc that you’ve installed, so you have been warned!

Note that there’s a slight regression with this version- as I’m no longer claiming that QGIS Server and Map Viewer will work. I’ve had all sorts of trouble configuring these to work in the windows environment, let alone portable gis, and I wanted to get this release out without additional delay. When I get chance, I’ll get it finished, and believe me it will deserve a blog post and fanfare all of it’s own.

Also note that this is my first move away from using Dropbox as my file hosting service. Please bear with me if there are any problems with the link!

5 hours 24 min ago Kroniek van een huis: Stijn Streuvels en het Lijsternest << ArcheoNet BE

Schrijver Stijn Streuvels bouwde in 1905 het Lijsternest, een eigen stek in Ingooigem. Hij zou er zijn leven lang aan blijven werken. De Provincie West-Vlaanderen kocht de schrijverswoning in 1977 en ontsloot ze voor het publiek. De fotocollectie, een deel van de boeken en talrijke documenten werden toen naar de Provinciale Bibliotheek overgebracht. Naar aanleiding van de opening van het gerestaureerde Lijsternest loopt in de Provinciale Bibliotheek in Brugge vanaf zondag een tentoonstelling met collectiestukken en foto’s over het Lijsternest en de lotgevallen van de inboedel.

Foto’s van Stefan Dewickere, gemaakt in opdracht van de Provincie, gunnen de bezoeker een kijk in het gerestaureerde huis.

Praktisch: de tentoonstelling ‘Kroniek van een huis’ loopt van 27 april tot 7 juni 2014 in de Provinciale Bibliotheek Tolhuis in Brugge. Openingsuren zijn van ma-vr (9.00-12.30 u. / 13.30-17.00 u.) en op zaterdag (9.00-12.00 u.). Naar aanleiding van de heropening en de tentoonstelling in de Provinciale Bibliotheek Tolhuis verschijnt een speciaal nummer van het provinciaal erfgoedtijdschrift ‘In de Steigers’ (2014-1). Meer info op

5 hours 39 min ago The Talisman: A Critical Genealogy << Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

The Talisman: A Critical Genealogy is part of the College Art Association 103rd Annual Conference, which will take place on February 11-14, 2015 in New York City.

The post The Talisman: A Critical Genealogy appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

5 hours 46 min ago Annotated Corpus of Luwian Texts << Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) Annotated Corpus of Luwian Texts
This is a pilot version of the Annotated Corpus of Luwian Texts (ACLT). So far it comprises the analysis the texts included in the published volumes of the Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions (CHLI) by J. David Hawkins. This initial phase of this project has been completed with the assistance of a research grant of the Corpus Linguistics Program sponsored by the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dr. Ilya Yakubovich acted as the principal investigator of the project, whose team consisted of Dr. Timofey Arkhangelskiy, Mr. Sergey Boroday, and Dr. Alexei Kassian. The extension of the corpus to other Luwian texts is planned for the near future, with the eventual goal of preparing a corpus-based Luwian dictionary. The lexicographic work on the Luwian texts is further facilitated by a Humboldt Fellowship tenured by Ilya Yakubovich at the Philipps Universität Marburg in 2013–15. Special thanks go to Martien Dillo for his corrections and suggestions.

A special feature of the Luwian corpus, which sets it apart from the electronic corpora of better-known languages, is the absence of an up-to-date Luwian dictionary in hieroglyphic transmission. The compilation of the corpus could hardly be separated from deciphering the Anatolian Hieroglyphs and interpreting the Luwian lexicon. This is why the interface of the corpus contains the provisional Luwian glossary, whose lemmata can be used as entries for automated search. Ilya Yakubovich takes the entire responsibility for the interpretative transliteration conventions adopted in the glossary. The narrow transliteration used in the corpus generally follows the system of the CHLI but incorporates several modifications reflecting the recent progress in the Luwian Studies.

The present corpus is not meant to represent a final product. The corrections of both linguistic and technical errors will be warmly welcomed. For linguistic issues, please contact Ilya Yakubovich ( For possible problems with computer interface, please contact Timofey Arkhangelskiy ( If you wish to cite the new interpretations offered in the corpus, you can give credit to the ACLT (together with its URL).
6 hours 54 min ago Queen Helena of Adiabene's sarcophagus? << Jim Davila ( BIBLE HISTORY DAILY: The Tomb of Queen Helena of Adiabene. Steven Notley and Jeffrey P. García disagree with the widely accepted position that the Aramaic-inscription-bearing sarcophagus from the "Tomb of the Kings" in Jerusalem belonged to Queen Helena, although they do think that she was buried there in a different chamber.

For more on Queen Helena and that sarcophagus, see here and here.
7 hours 43 sec ago Bon Appetit Wednesday! Savory Strawberry Soup << Antiquity Now Tiny, red and packed with flavor, this delectable little fruit has deep historical roots. Heart-shaped and fragrant, the strawberry has inspired poets, writers, painters and chefs with its plump perfection. William Allen Butler said it best, “Doubtless God could have … Continue reading
7 hours 8 min ago Samaritan Passover 2014 << Jim Davila ( SLIDESHOW: A Passover ceremony at Mount Gerizim (Haaretz). The Samaritan Passover runs on a slightly different calendar from that of the Jewish Passover.

Past posts on Samaritan Passover are here and links.
7 hours 16 min ago More doubts about the GJW << Jim Davila ( MARK GOODACRE: More doubts surface on the Jesus Wife Fragment. The doubts are raised by Owen Jarus at LiveScience: 'Gospel of Jesus's Wife': Doubts Raised About Ancient Text. The problem is that, according to an estate representative, the now dead West German man who supposedly provided the papyrus was not an antiquities collector and did not own papyri. Not conclusive, but interesting and worth following up further.

Mark also links to a recent video interview with Karen King here.

Background on the GJW is here and links.
7 hours 39 min ago 2014.04.34: Archives et bibliothèques dans le monde grec: édifices et organisation, Ve siècle avant notre ère - IIe siècle de notre ère. BAR international series, S2536 << Bryn Mawr Classical Review Review of Gaëlle Coqueugniot, Archives et bibliothèques dans le monde grec: édifices et organisation, Ve siècle avant notre ère - IIe siècle de notre ère. BAR international series, S2536. Oxford: 2013. Pp. xi, 168. £31.00. ISBN 9781407311548.
7 hours 39 min ago 2014.04.36: The Settlement and Architecture of Lerna IV. Lerna: results of excavations conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 6 << Bryn Mawr Classical Review Review of Elizabeth Courtney Banks, The Settlement and Architecture of Lerna IV. Lerna: results of excavations conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 6. Princeton: 2013. Pp. xx, 484. $150.00. ISBN 9780876613061.
7 hours 39 min ago 2014.04.35: Image and Myth: A History of Pictorial Narration in Greek Art. (Translated by Joseph O'Donnell; first published 2003) << Bryn Mawr Classical Review Review of Luca Giuliani, Image and Myth: A History of Pictorial Narration in Greek Art. (Translated by Joseph O'Donnell; first published 2003). Chicago; London: 2013. Pp. xix, 335. $65.00. ISBN 9780226297651.
8 hours 11 min ago Educating the Future Pharaohs << Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

Egyptologist claims that beyond the general assumption that the kings of ancient Egypt and their kin could read and write, there is also actual material evidence to prove it.

The post Educating the Future Pharaohs appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

9 hours 19 sec ago caution in discussion of violence amidst propaganda, provocation and fear << Samuel Hardy (Conflict Antiquities) Because of local community choices, I have been reluctant to discuss violence against the cultural property of minority communities in Ukraine. Difficulty and disruption in reporting and discussion There is a lot of propaganda, and the evidence is sometimes limited or difficult to confirm, which makes it difficult to report events in the first place. […]
10 hours 41 min ago Aperte le iscrizioni a TECHNOLOGYforALL 2014 << Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

technologyforall2014coverSono aperte le iscrizioni a TECHNOLOGYforALL 2014, il Forum dell’Innovazione dedicato alle Tecnologie per il Territorio, per la Città Intelligente, per i Beni Culturali. TECHNOLOGYforALL si svolgerà a Roma il 4 e 5 giugno 2014. La partecipazione alle tre Conferenze è completamente gratuita. E' in fase di definizione il rilascio di Crediti Formativi da parte dei competenti Ordini Professionali.

Vai al modulo di iscrizione sul web.

11 hours 27 min ago More from UK's Detectorists on PAS' Selectivity in Recording << Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

I pointed out a comment the other day about the PAS FLO not recording certain items brought to them by metal detectorists, despite their eligibility for inclusion on the PAS database. It seems this notion does not fit with the cosy world view of academics who support the PAS, so somebody [who later turned out to be Philippa Walton] wrote back disgruntled that I was giving such comments an airing on my blog. It seems to me however that the voice of finders seeing what happens to the objects they bring in for recording really should not be ignored, for two reasons. The first the obvious one, they are the only ones who know what they've found and what they took in for reporting, and what then happened. The second reason is that if untrue information is being spread among the metal detecting community as fact, it should be a task of PAS outreach to investigate the claims, verify the facts and then rectify and clarify. None of which will they, of course, actually do.

One of the people who knows this is the member of a metal detecting near all of us (Dr Philippa Walton too)  "Alloverover" (Sat Jan 12, 2013 10:40 pm ), who writes:
PAS used to record anything you took to them over 300 years old, small bits of buckle, a broken brooch etc, the smallest thing as long as it could be ID,ed, [...] They (in my recent experience) have now totally changed their ethos due to lack of money, resources time and interest of FLO's ( the standard of whom seem to have dropped considerably, not surprising considering the remuneration on offer ). In my most recent attempt to record finds via an FLO, i was told that they have to now prioritize what they record, so of 9 or 10 items i wanted to record 5 or 6 were deemed unworthy of the effort, these items of insufficient interest included a couple of celtic units, i dont even think the young lady realized what they were until she was told.
and this is before the introduction of the karaoke FLOs. As All-over says "good grief", appalling. Then a little later we hear the same thing again from "Chris D" (Sun Jan 13, 2013 4:20 am): 
Yes quiet agree about the PAS scheme [...] Recently i get the impresion that they are only really interested in recording treasure cases, hoards or something significant they can put there name to, rather than the buckles, buttons,single hammered coins, iron medieval horse shoes etc which all help to build up the bigger picture
Member "Geoman" has a more detailed explanation of how this is happening and why (Tue Jan 15, 2013 7:12 pm):
The FLO's seem to have been advised by their local ? managers to be selective in what they record which begs the question why are some items of more interest than others ? Remember all FLO's have local managers who are frequently based in the County Archaeological Dept and will have their own agendas as to what the FLO is to do. The London PAS office has a very limited input to FLO management. I would assume that they wish to have details of older archaeological material which once passed onto the County HER can be used to feed into the many Higher Level Stewardship applications. 
Geoman has a well-known fixation with HLS agreements and has a conspiracy theory as to why selective recording is happening. If the PAS is selecting material due to lack of time and funding to get through the masses of material brought in and lying around their offices for months on end unrecorded (another frequent topic on the detecting forums which anyone going there will be aware of), there must be an internal policy document setting out nationally-standardised guidelines for this. What does it say? What are the statistics of this?

11 hours 31 min ago DINAA Poster Symposium Sneak Peek << Heritage Bytes

DINAA-posterHere’s the first of several posters about the DINAA project that will be presented at the SAAs this week in Austin.

About the Poster: Yes, this poster is printed on fabric. With a tip from a colleague on Twitter, we discovered Spoonflower, a company that prints on fabric. What a result!! The fabric poster is on wrinkle-free material, the colors are accurate, and the printing is as sharp as if it were on paper. The poster folds up to the size of a wallet, so you can literally pack this thing inside a shoe in your luggage. And the best part about it is that it only cost $25 and arrived a week earlier than scheduled. Wow! Here is the blog post with simple instructions on how to make your own.

About the Research: The poster’s content is equally as exciting. The DINAA project publishes the most comprehensive record of settlement in North American spanning the Pleistocene through recent historical past. Site definitions and descriptions from project partner SHPOs are used as open government data to form a robust base layer of information. As of the spring 2014, our team has successfully integrated and published records created by state government officials documenting over 270,000 archaeological sites from eight states east of the Mississippi. The data include rich chronological, legal, and environmental metadata used by government officials and the research community alike. The poster discusses the challenges of integrating and visualizing data at vastly different scales—from the scale of continents to the scale of individual object records at a given site. It also presents how the project is dealing with visualizing both space and time, with time as a type of metadata that presents special complications in navigating and visualizing archaeological data.

Attending the SAA meeting? Come see more at the DINAA Poster Symposium [session 81]- Thursday, 24 April, 2-4 pm (Ballroom F)

11 hours 59 min ago Double-chambered vessel with monkey. Veracruz, ca. 600-900 (Late... << Ancient Art

Double-chambered vessel with monkey. Veracruz, ca. 600-900 (Late Classic).

Veracruz sculpture is among the most admired of ancient Mesoamerica yet its study has long been subsumed under the aegis of the highly visible Teotihuacan and Maya civilizations. Veracruz refers to the central Gulf Coast of Mexico and has served loosley as a stylistic designation for all art eminating from the region. Its art reflects the influences of both Teotihuacan and Maya as well as a distinct aesthetic that developed locally.

[…] Seemingly free from the constraints of their neighboring super powers, Veracruz ceramicists sculpted naturalistic, highly animated human figures, animals and supernaturals. Facial expressions and disctinct hand gestures are the most striking features of figural ceramics. This double-chambered vessel combines a simple flask with the body of a monkey, and can aptly be described as an effigy bottle. The elaborate scroll patterning in the cartouches is most closely associated with the art of Classic Veracruz, where the vessel is said to originate.

Courtesy of & currently located at the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA, via their online collections. Accession Number: 48.2774.

16 hours 24 min ago DVD Review: Civil War: The Untold Story (of the western theater) << Mary Harrsch (Passionate About History)
A history resource article by Mary Harrsch © 2014

Next week RLJ Entertainment will be releasing the new DVD series "Civil War: The Untold Story".  I know many of you Civil War buffs may be wondering how there could be anything about the Civil War that hasn't been told before, but this series, unlike a lot of others I have seen, focuses on the battles of the "west" which the producers claim actually led to the ultimate Union victory.

Now as someone from Oregon, I hardly think of Tennesssee as "the west" but it was, as far as the scope of the Civil War was concerned.  This series closely examines the battles of Shiloh, Stone's River, Vicksburg, Chattanooga and Chickamauga as well as Sherman's infamous march across Georgia that wasn't as one sided as many other programs have led us to believe.

These conflicts were particularly interesting to me because back in 1993 when my husband and I were helping my daughter move to the east coast, we visited almost all of the national military parks where these battles occurred on our way home, although we visited the sites in reverse, starting our journey at Fort Sumpter then traveling south to Savannah before swinging east to the site of the Confederate prisoner-of-war camp at Andersonville.  Then we drove on to Atlanta then Chatanooga, stopping at the Chickamauga National Battlefield, probably the largest military park on our trip.  Pressing on we drove to Stone's River then Franklin and finally visited our last Civil War cemetery at Shiloh.  The visitor's centers had excellent presentations about the battles, particularly at Chickamauga where the Park Service had just installed a new multimedia theater-in-the-round-type exhibit.  So receiving a review copy of this DVD set was like reliving that unforgettable trip!

The series begins with a discussion of the economic history of slavery.  I didn't realize that slavery was on the decline in the late 18th century until Eli Witney invented the cotton gin.  I remembered how, as a girl, I studied famous inventors like Eli Witney and his cotton gin.  Back in the 50s, though, school teachers did not point to the cotton gin as one of the primary reasons for the outbreak of the Civil War.
The documentary explains that, although the cotton gin was a labor-saving device, it made the cotton cleaning process so efficient that it made the growth of cotton far more profitable than almost any other crop.  Cotton exports jumped from 500,000 pounds in 1793 to 93 million pounds in 1810.  Cotton became as important to the U.S. economy as oil is today.

So, there was a land rush to develop more and more acres into cotton fields.  This corresponded to the increasing acquisition of land during the "manifest destiny" period of U.S. growth.  But, politically, there were sharp differences in opinion about whether newly admitted states would then have to legally sanction slavery viewed by some as necessary for cotton development.

The program was quite candid in pointing out that northerners, with the exception of a few passionate abolitionists, had no real objections to slavery as a labor strategy.  Researchers stated simply that white northeners didn't appreciate the racial "pollution" slavery introduced.   Apparently, successful black individuals in the north,  like Solomon Northup portrayed in "12 years a slave", were an extremely rare exception.

19th century Caricature of the so-called Hottentot
Venus.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia.
I had never heard about the so-called Hottentot Venus, a rather large African woman named Saartje Baartman, who was sold into slavery.  She was exhibited by showmen in London and Paris because of large fatty deposits on her buttocks.  After her death in 1815, famous French anatomist Georges Cuvier, performed an autopsy on her body, claiming it clearly showed that Africans were more closely related to such primates as orangutans and monkeys, than humans.  These types of studies not only reinforced attitudes of racial superiority in the north but the opinion that slavery actually served to civilize such unfortunate individuals in the south.

I was also surprised to learn that four slave states actually stayed with the Union throughout the Civil War.  Slavery was still legally recognized by the federal government and the Emancipation Proclamation only applied to the states in rebellion as a war measure intended to cripple the Confederacy.

The other military goal accomplished by the Emancipation Proclamation was that it successfully prevented the involvement of foreign nations in the struggle.  Britain and France actually considered supporting the Confederacy, since they imported most of the American cotton crop that was sold for export. But, many Europeans opposed slavery as an institution so Lincoln's directive along with a significant Union victory at Antietam successfully influenced foreign powers to maintain a "hands off" policy.

The series then shifts to an examination of military objectives of the Civil War.

From a military standpoint, reclamation of the important economic highway of the Mississippi River was paramount to defeating the Confederacy.  Yet, it appeared to me that Confederate leaders seemed to think there was more importance in victory at the high profile battles along the eastern seaboard (the Civil War version of winning hearts and minds) than in protecting the vital commerce artery of the Mississippi River in the west.  The most famous Confederate generals such as Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were assigned to those eastern theaters of war, while the battle for control of the Mississippi was relegated to Generals Albert Sidney Johnston, Braxton Bragg and John Bell Hood, names much less familiar to people like me that have not studied the Civil War as intensely as I have battles of the ancient world.

Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston.
Image courtesy of Wikipedia
I use the word relegated as if Johnston, Bragg and Hood were lesser commanders but that was not necessarily the case.  Johnston was an experienced combat veteran, fighting and directing engagements in the Texas War of Independence, the Mexican-American War, the Utah War and the American Civil War.  Johnston was actually considered to be the finest general officer in the Confederacy by Confederate President Jefferson Davis.  But this did not prevent Davis from distributing most of the Confederate resources to the eastern front.

Johnston had to supply his troops by conducting raids and engaging in maneuvers that made it appear that he had larger forces than he actually did.  My additional research revealed that this was compounded by the assignment of support staff that were either incompetent or frequently intoxicated.

Despite all of these obstacles, Johnston still managed to pull off a massive surprise attack against Ulysses S. Grant on the first day at the battle of Shiloh, despite being delayed for three days by adverse weather.  Grant just couldn't imagine Johnston would leave his well fortified position at Corinth to confront Grant in the field.  The surprise maneuver almost worked, with Confederates overcoming bitter Union opposition at the "Peach Orchard" and the "Hornet's Nest".  But, Johnston, charging back and forth ahead of the advancing Confederate line, was shot behind the right knee, possibly by one of his own soldiers .  The bullet cut a major artery and Johnston, seemingly unaware of the seriousness of the wound, bled to death.  The three days lost to bad weather would also prove fatal.

The epic struggle at the "Hornet's Nest" on the first day of the battle of  Shiloh.
Image courtesy of the Library of Congress

By the second day, Grant, with control of the vital Tennessee River,  received reinforcements bringing total Union troops to 45,000 men to the Confederates'  remaining viable troops estimated at only about 20,000.  To make matters worse, Confederate General Beauregard, unaware of the Union reinforcements, pressed Grant, only to be driven back.  Later counterattacks were eventually repulsed as well. So, Confederate forces finally had to fall back to the heavily defended railroad center at Corinth.

It makes you wonder if Grant had faced the more formidable Johnston on the second day and the battle had occurred on schedule, if the outcome would have been different.

Later in the series as the researchers discussed the campaigns of Sherman in Atlanta, I was surprised to learn about the Confederate successes at Kennesaw Mountain and the more aggressive resistance in Atlanta after command was given to General John Bell Hood.  As my husband and I did not visit any Civil War museums in Atlanta, I only remember Hood as a Confederate general who had suffered severe casualties at the battle of Franklin (where we did stop) in an action sometimes known as the "Pickett's Charge of the West".

Confederate General Braxton Bragg.  Image
courtesy of Wikipedia.
The other Confederate general I enjoyed learning more about was Braxton Bragg.  When I first saw a picture of him at the Chickamauga National Battlefield Visitors' Center, I thought he looked a lot like John Brown with his bushy brows and rather wild look in his eyes.  But this surly officer orchestrated what has been called the greatest Confederate victory in the Western Theater, defeating Union General William S. Rosecrans at the battle of Chicamauga.

As for other political issues of the Civil War, I had never read about George McClellan's run against Abraham Lincoln for president or that if Sherman had not taken Atlanta at the time he did, Lincoln may have lost to powerful and vocal northern supporters in favor of a truce that would have ended in two separate nations.  So I found all of this background information fascinating.

As for the production quality of the DVD set, I thought the reenactment sequences were very well done with very life-like special battle effects and the cinematography was excellent.  Elizabeth McGovern's narration was articulate and quite empathetic.  I much preferred her voice to the rather harsh newsbroadcaster voiceovers I have heard in other presentations.

The series will premiere tonight (April 22, 2014) on a number of public television channels and the DVD set will be available for purchase next week.  I highly recommend it!

Related articles
Enhanced by Zemanta
16 hours 38 min ago Oriental Institute’s Integrated Database << Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) Oriental Institute’s Integrated Database

This is an on-going project that aims to provide public access to information about the diverse research and object-based collections managed and cared for by the Oriental Institute.

Users now have the ability to view and download photographs of objects, associated movie files, and PDFs through the Oriental Institute's collection search. The homepage for the collection search is:

If you would like to browse some of the records with images and PDFs attached, here are a few links (after clicking the link, click on the title field of the record to get the details view and see all associated

1. Book with multiple PDFs

2. Object with 48 images

3. Object with 2 images

4. Object with 8 images

5. Book with image and PDF

6. Book with 1 image

7. Object with 226 images

8. Object with 2 images and 1 video

17 hours 5 min ago Sébastien Morlet, Christianisme et philosophie. Les premières confrontations (Ier-VIe siècle) << Compitum - publications


Sébastien Morlet, Christianisme et philosophie. Les premières confrontations (Ier-VIe siècle), Paris, 2014.

Éditeur : Livre de poche
Collection : Antiquité
264 pages
ISBN : 9782253156505

Dans l'Antiquité, christianisme et philosophie se font face comme deux voies d'accès à la vérité : l'une, par le moyen de la foi, l'autre, par la recherche rationnelle. Les rapports du christianisme et de la philosophie sont cependant plus complexes. Les néoplatoniciens accordent une place grandissante aux éléments extra-rationnels et en viennent à ne plus considérer la raison comme la seule voie d'accès au savoir. Inversement, les chrétiens reconnaissent une certaine vérité dans la philosophie et lui accordent un rôle préliminaire dans l'acquisition de la sagesse. Souvent convaincus que la révélation biblique est la source du savoir grec, les chrétiens présentent leur religion comme la seule « vraie philosophie ». Ce livre retrace les grandes lignes d'une confrontation qui joua un rôle capital dans la formation de la doctrine chrétienne comme dans la transmission de la culture gréco-romaine. Il amène à réviser certaines idées reçues sur le christianisme et son rapport à la raison.


Source : Amazon